What are things to be kept in mind about pituitary tumors and pituitary adenomas answered by Dr. Satish Rudrappa?
Best Neurosurgeon in Whitefield -Bangalore | Dr. Satish Rudrappa
The pituitary disorders due to the tumors are not effectively diagnosed conditions that can bring havoc in the hormones in the body which might result in some of the completely different symptoms which might also include gain in weight, fatigue-feeling, irregular periods and in some cases impotence as well.
On the other hand, pituitary adenomas consists of types of benign tumors that affect the pituitary gland which is present in the brain. These are one of the most common types of tumor that appears in the brain and they make almost 15% of primary brain tumors. Some of the tumors include acromegaly, cushing’s disease and prolactinoma.
Dr. Satish Rudrappa, MBBS, MCh-Neuro Surgeon, Fellow in Spine Surgery, Fellow Microvascular Anaesthomosis, expert neurosurgeon has actually sat down to answer some of the common questions about pituitary tumor.
1. What are the most common symptoms for pituitary adenomas?
It is extremely important to understand that when tumor is present on the pituitary gland, the symptoms might differ from one another depending upon the diagnosis. Headaches, loss of vision or maybe double vision, hormone imbalance which might cause fatigue-feeling, gain of weight, irregular periods and impotence. It can be asymptomatic in some cases.
2. Is brain tumor, pituitary lesion and pituitary tumor are same?
The pituitary tumor is a kind of brain tumor. And pituitary lesions might include cysts and also the inflammatory conditions that can lead to mimic tumors.
3. What pituitary tumor treatment is most recommended?
One particular type of pituitary tumor is prolactinoma (it’s a pituitary adenoma that helps in secreting the hormone prolactin). And this is the most successfully treatment that can be done with the help of medications like cabergoline or other like dopamine agonist.
In other patients where they might have growing tumor especially in the cases of cushing’s disease or acromegaly, or may be some other conditions like central hyperthyroidism, craniopharyngioma and chordoma, surgical resection which is the best.
But we highly recommend doing the endoscopic endonasal surgical removal of the tumor by an expert only. Try considering a neurosurgeon and ENT surgeon.
4. Is going for pituitary tumor surgery safe or dangerous? I am highly concerned about the same.
You have to understand that there are some risks involved with every surgery. The possibility is that some or the other complications are associated with the pituitary tumor surgery. The risks that can be seen are sinus infection, bleeding and hormone imbalance to meningitis, loss of vision, stroke and even death. But the possibility of these risks are merely from 1% to 3% only. So consult a doctor about these symptoms before going for the surgery.
5. How long does the pituitary tumor surgery take?
The typical surgery time for the pituitary tumor takes around 3 hours, but in cases of some complications or complicated surgeries, it can go up to 8-10 hours for the rarest tumors. The doctor would be able to guide you in a better way about the same.
6. How common are pituitary tumors?
It is very common problem but the most difficult part it diagnosis at right time. Usually about one in six people are only diagnosed. However, surgery is not recommended for everyone. Usually 1/10,000 people may require surgery treatment annually
7. How fast do pituitary tumors grow?
The growth of the pituitary tumors is very slow, approximately 1-3mm/year.
8. How often do pituitary tumors grow back?
The reoccurrence rate for most of the pituitary tumor is 10% over 10 years. The reoccurrence usually depends on the tumor type and pathological features. Usually craniopharyngiomas, chordomas and Cushing’s disease will have faster recurrence rates
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