Dr. Satish Rudrappa

Primary spine tumors

Unusual occurrence and growth of masses that arise in various parts of the spine including the vertebrae, roots, or tissues are known as primary spine tumors. These types of tumors can be benign, that is less harmful, non-cancerous tumors. They include-

  • Osteoid osteoma
  • Osteoblastoma
  • Aneurysmal bone cyst

Tumors can also be malignant or cancerous in occurrence. They include-

  • Chordoma
  • Chondrosarcoma
  • Ewing sarcoma osteosarcoma. 

Based on the location of occurrence, there are three types of primary spine tumors. They are-

  1. Intramedullary Tumors- Their origin is within the spinal cord.
  2. Intradural-Extramedullary Tumors- Their origin is inside the dura mater but outside of the spinal cord.
  3. Extradural Tumors- Their origin is outside the dura mater, in the vertebrae or tissues surrounding the spinal cord.

The specific reason for the occurrence of primary spine tumors has not yet been identified. However, exposure to harmful chemicals, family history, or weak immunity can be attributed as the causes of the development of such tumors. It is important to notice the following symptoms that signal the occurrence of primary spine tumors. The symptoms include-

  • Pain that originates in the spine and descends to the lower portions of the body
  • Weakness in the muscles
  • Inability to stand
  • Loss of control of bowel functions
  • Stiffness in the neck or the back


Radiographs are a useful technique for detecting the characteristics of the tumors. However, an MRI is a powerful way of helping specialists view the details of the occurred tumor. The choice of treatment solely depends on the severity of the tumor and the neurosurgeons take appropriate measures to ensure the effectiveness of the treatment procedures.

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